Worldwide around 65.3 million people are forcibly displaced (UNHCR), the vast majority within their countries of origin. They are fleeing from war, violence, suppression, and persecution. Additionally, many thousands are leaving their homes because of severe water scarcity, ever-increasing degradation of their natural environment and the growing number of natural disasters. Referred to aspects of water security, the world’s water resources have been increasingly facing severe pressure from many sources: population growth, forced migration, industrialization, pollution of water bodies, over-abstraction of groundwater, and climate change.
How water is managed will have repercussions on almost every aspect of human security, which is why achieving adequate water security is among the top priorities of government policies across the globe. Developing and managing water resources to achieve water security remain at the heart of the struggle for economic growth, sustainable development, and poverty reduction.
Keywords: Water security, climate change, migration