Session 15a – “Coping with Drought” Part I

A growing water demand for food, energy and domestic water supply is often accompanied by increasing drought frequency and duration in many regions worldwide. Droughts are slowly evolving and complex disasters which are often poorly understood in the context of their regional climatic, hydrological and human environment. Hence the individual components leading to increased drought risk (hazard + vulnerability = risk) need to be assessed by quantifying triggers such as climate, catchment related drought propagation and human activities as well as past drought impacts on different sectors. To achieve this, we need to select site appropriate methods, information sources and tools.

For establishing short and long term drought management strategies we depend on a profound understanding about site specific drought risks and need to derive suitable indicators to be monitored at an adequate resolution both spatially and temporally.

This session aims at presenting and discussing concepts, instruments and data which can support drought management in data scarce regions. To structure the content of the numerous contributions, we devided the session theme into three subtopics:

The drought session covers three major topics which will be discussed during poster presentations (How to create a research poster-Guidelines):

  • Drought hazard related data and their utilization across the scales
  • Assessment of drought impacts and vulnerability
  • Drought risk Management

During three poster sessions we will address guiding questions to be discussed for each case study/poster.

From 17:30 onwards, our findings will be synthesized in a Podium discussion with drought experts (e.g. Justin Sheffield and Koen Verbist)

Part I: Drought hazard related data and information and their application in drought assessment across the scales

Keywords: Drought hazard related data, large scale drought monitoring, remote sensing and satellite based climate data, climate data resolution and related applications,  hydrological modelling, drought indicators and indices

Key questions:

  • Which large scale and remote sensing data are suitable to be used for drought assessment in data scarce regions?
  • What are the best and worst drought assessment practices for the specific case studies?
  • Which are the most suitable drought indices for which scale and climate?
  • How are real time satellite climate products used in drought monitoring, which and where?
  • How can we forecast meteorological and hydrological droughts and which variables need to be monitored at which scale?
  • How do real time PDO and ENSO related data feed into drought monitoring, forecasting and alert at the local scale?
  • To which extent should we calibrate hydrological models with satellite based climate products to obtain low flow simulations?

Session Plan

Moderation: Alexandra Nauditt and Ian McNamara

Poster presentations

Dias, Tyhago; Souza Filho, de Assis | Federal University of Ceara, Brazil
Drying in the Brazilian Northeast: A Paleoclimatic Analysis (368)

Rocha, Renan; Souza Filho, de Assis | Federal University of Ceará, Brazil
Analysis of Non-Stationarity in Droughts and Variability Patterns in Ceará (Brazil) with Changepoint Analysis and Wavelet Transform (375)

Hidalgo, Hugo | University of Costa Rica, Costa Rica
Precursors of Severe and Sustained Drought in the Central America Dry Corridor (283)

Baez Villanueva, Oscar | ITT, TH Köln, Germany
Analysis of Precipitation Extreme Indices Comparing the Satellite Rainfall Estimate CHIRPS with Observed Data, A Case Study of Colombia (184)

Giraldo-Osorio, Juan Diego | Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia
Non-stationary Probability Density Functions Fitted to a Flow Time Series of the Magdalena River (394)

Trujillo Osorio, David; Giraldo-Osorio, Juan Diego | Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia
Relation between SST Anomalies in Tropical Pacific Ocean and Precipitation Deficits in Colombia (285)

Oertel, Melanie | Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Chile
Propagation of Drought in Semi-Arid River Basins in the Americas, Revisiting the Report of Changnon (1987) (282)

Hann, H.; Nauditt, A.; Zambrano-Bigiarini, M.; Ribbe, L. | ITT/Universidad de la Frontera, Chile: HBV and SWAT modelling with satellite based precipitation products to simulate low flows from data scarce Andean catchments, Chile

Wednesday, 20 September 2017

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    Room: Köln

    Organized by Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), TH Köln

Part II and III continue after the break 4:30pm – 6:30pm


Organizing Institution

The session is organized by Alexandra Nauditt

Justin Sheffield

Keynote Speaker

drought monitoring and assessment – how to connect large scale information and monitoring with local drought management in data scarce regions

Event Timeslots (1)

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Room: Köln

Organized by Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), TH Köln