Fresh water availability is crucial for food security as it is required for crop and livestock production. Especially irrigated agriculture needs large quantities of fresh water and uses nearly 70 percent of the global freshwater appropriate for human consumption. Population growth combined with dietary shifts and increasing relevance of non-food crops heavily increase the pressure on fresh water resources. At the same time, climate change strongly affects the spatial and temporal availability of fresh water. To ensure food security and not only yield it is necessary to understand the impact of irrigation on composition (micronutrients) of crops and further food products on food security.
Considering these developments, scientifically based solutions are necessary to ensure water and therewith food security for future generations.
This session combines approaches which aim to scientifically contribute to achieve food security in the water scarce world. Studies presented in this session combine multidisciplinary approaches of climate change impact assessment and farmers’ adaptation strategies, decision support tool development, and the development of alternative water use strategies such as ocean and lake farming or comprehensive sets of site-adapted solutions for improved fresh water management.
Keywords: Food security, micronutrients, climate change, farmers adaptation strategies
The session topic is introduced by a thematic keynote speech dealing with aspects of food security, and the impact of irrigation on composition (micronutrients) of crops and further food products on food security. The session will also cover aspects of water security and multidisciplinary approaches of climate change impact assessment and farmers’ adaptation strategies. The session finalizes with ideas that can be explored for joint research initiatives.
Moderation: Jenny Kopsch-Xhema and Nicole Schönleber
Biesalski, Hans Konrad | Food Security Center, University of Hohenheim
Impact of water on food security
Radulovich, Ricardo | University of Costa Rica, Costa Rica
Farming the Ocean and Lakes to Solve Both Food and Water Limitations (179)
Monserrate Rojas, Fredy Alexander | International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Colombia
AGRI: A Decision Support Tool to Identify Secure Water Sources for Smallholder Irrigation As One Solution to Combat Food Insecurity (240)
Borona, Pius | Kenya Institute Of management, Kenya
Linking Temporal Changes of Climate Factors with Staple Cereal Yields in Southern Burkina Faso (131)
Lawson, Elaine | University of Ghana, Ghana
Water Scarcity As a Barrier to Food Security and Climate Change Adaptation for Women Farmers in Semi-Arid Ghana (156)
Rahman, M Tauhid Ur | Military Institute of Science and Technology, Bangladesh
A Self Reliance Conceptual Model for Ensuring Food Security in Hoar Environment, Bangladesh (387)
The FSC’s mission is to provide innovative and effective scientific findings to reduce hunger and achieve food security, contributing towards the major goals of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs), in particular to zero hunger (SDG 2) and no poverty (SDG 1).
FSC promotes and ensures an excellent education and training of young international scientists.
Within its international networks in the field of food security, FSC utilizes a multi- and transdisciplinary approach through teaching, conducting research, and providing policy advice in cooperation with national and international development organizations and partner institutions.